Key outputs


WRi and its members regularly deliver papers and presentations at relevant conferences and workshops. The following is a selection of presentations made at recent events:

Example publications by WRi Staff

WRi and its members strive to publish the results of its research in appropriate academic journals. The following is a selection of relevant papers by institute members:

  • Fisher, M & Parfitt, A. (2016) The challenge of wild nature conserving itself. in ECOS 37(3/4), 27-34.
  • Carver, S. (2016) Rewilding… Conservation and conflict. in ECOS 37(2), 2-10.
  • Carver, S. (2016) Flood management and nature – can rewilding help? in ECOS 37(1), 33-42.
  • Deary, H., & Tin, T. (2015). Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties’ engagement in wilderness protection at home and in Antarctica. The Polar Journal, (ahead-of-print), 1-33.
  • Watson, A., Carver, S., Krenova, Z. & McBride, B. comps. (2015). Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Tenth World Wilderness Congress symposium; 2013, 4-10 October, Salamanca, Spain. Proceedings RMRS-P-74. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 208 p.
  • Ceaușu, S., Hofmann, M., Navarro, L. M., Carver, S., Verburg, P. H., & Pereira, H. M. (2015). Mapping opportunities and challenges for rewilding in Europe. Conservation Biology29(4):1017-1027.
  • Ceauşu, Silvia, Carver, S., Verburg, P. H., Kuechly, H. U., Hölker, F., Brotons, L., & Pereira, H. M. European wilderness in a time of farmland abandonment. in H. M. Pereira, L. M. Navarro (eds.) (2015) Rewilding European Landscapes. Springer International Publishing, Chapter 2. 25-46.
  • Carver, S. (2014) Making real space for nature: a continuum approach to UK conservation. ECOS 35(3/4) 4-14.
  • Tricker, J., P. Landres, G. Fauth, P. Hardwick, and A. Eddy. 2014. Mapping wilderness character in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/SEKI/NRTR—2014/872. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
  • Carver, S., Tricker, J., & Landres, P. (2013). Keeping it wild: Mapping wilderness character in the United States. Journal of Environmental Management, 131, 239-255.
  • Mc Morran, R. & Scott, A. (2012) ‘Re-claiming the land in the name of sustainable rural development’, Key benefits and impacts and impacts of community estate ownership in the Scottish Highlands and current constraints on sustainability – the participant perspective. In: Glass, J. (et al.,) (eds.), Lairds, Land and Sustainability, Edinburgh University Press (Book Chapter, Forthcoming).
  • Brown, C., Mc Morran, R. & Price, M.F. (2012) Re-wilding – A new paradigm for nature conservation in Scotland? Scottish Geographical Journal (In Press).
  • Tricker, James. (2012) Mapping Wilderness Character: New Tools for New Concepts. International Journal of Wilderness 18(1) 25, 40.
  • Carver SJ; Comber A; McMorran R; Nutter S (2012) A GIS model for mapping spatial patterns and distribution of wild land in Scotland, Landscape and Urban Planning, 104(3-4), 395-409 . doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.11.016
  • Howard DC; Wadsworth RA; Scholefield P; Burgess PJ; Carver SJ et al. (2012) Energyscapes: Linking the energy system and ecosystem services in real landscapes, Biomass and Bioenergy, . doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.05.025
  • Carver, S. (2012) (Re)Creating Wilderness: Rewilding And Habitat Restoration. in Peter Howard, Ian H. Thompson, Emma Waterton (eds) The Routledge Companion to Landscape Studies.
  • Heck N; Dearden P; McDonald A; Carver SJ (2011) Developing MPA performance indicators with local stakeholders’ input in the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Canada, Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 20, pp.895-911.
  • Alan E. Watson. 2011. The Role of Wilderness Protection and Societal Engagement as Indicators of Well-Being: An Examination of Change at the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Social Indicators Research, DOI 10.1007/s11205-011-9947-x
  • Watson, Alan; Matt, Roian; Knotek, Katie; Williams, Daniel R.; and Laurie Yung. 2011. Traditional Wisdom: Protecting Relationships with Wilderness as a Cultural Landscape. Ecology and Society 16(1):36
  • Pheasant, R.J., Fisher, M.N.,Watts, G.R., Whitaker, J.R. & Horoshenkov, K.V. (2010) The importance of auditory-visual interaction in the construction of tranquil space. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30: 501 – 509
  • Comber, A., et al., (2009) Evaluating alternative mappings of wildness using fuzzy MCE and Dempster-Shafer in support of decision making. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. 34 (2), 142-152.
  • Carver, S., et al (2009) Developing computer-based participatory approaches to mapping landscape values for landscape and resource management. In S.Geertman & J.Stillwell (eds) Best Practice and New Methods in Planning Support Systems. Springer. 431-448.
  • McMorran, R. (2009) In search of the wild; What is Scottish wild land, why does it matter and what are we doing to look after it? The Scottish Mountaineer, May 2009 p58-59.
  • Gabriel, D., et al (2009) The spatial aggregation of organic farming in England and its underlying environmental correlates. International Journal of Applied Ecology. 46(2), 323-333.
  • Blair, S., et al., (2009) Using GIS to identify wildland areas in the North Pennines. In N.Mount, G. Harvey, P.Alpin & G.Priestnall (eds) Representing, modelling and visualising the natural environment, Innovations in GIS series. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis. 87-100.
  • Mc Morran, R., Price, M.F. and Warren, C. (2008) The call of different wilds: The importance of definition and perception in protecting and managing Scottish wild landscapes. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 51(2), 177-199.
  • Carver, S. (2008) Native behaviour: the human and land-use implications of returning key species to Scotland. In ECOS 29(3/4), 2-8.
  • Mc Morran, R. (2007) Scottish wild landscapes: Wild nature or wild experience? The Munro Society Journal 1, 26-30.
  • Carver, S. (2007) Bringing wilderness into the classroom. In ECOS 28(1), 90-93.
  • Carver, S. & Wrightham, M, (2007) Shrinking Wild Lands: Assessing Human Intrusion in the Highlands of Scotland, 1870 to 2004, Using Geographical Information Systems. In A.Watson, J.Sproull & L.Dean, eds (2007) Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30–October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 357-366.
  • Carver, S. (2007) Rewilding in England and Wales: A Review of Recent Developments, Issues, and Concerns. In A.Watson, J.Sproull & L.Dean, eds (2007) Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30–October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 267-272.
  • Ward, V., et al (2006) Re-wilding projects in the UK – the database. In ECOS 27(3/4), 5-7.
  • Carver, S. (2006) Connectivity of nature in the Dutch landscape. In ECOS 27(3/4), 61-64.
  • Carver, S. & Samsom, p. (2005) “Eee, it’s wild oop north” In ECOS Special wild land issue. 25(3/4), 29-33.
  • Carver, S. (2005) Mountains and wilderness: identifying areas for restoration. In D.B.A.Thompson, M.F.Price & C.A.Galbraith (eds) Nature and People: Conservation and Management in the Mountains of Northern Europe. SNH. 365-370.
  • Corne, S., et al (2004) Predicting Alaskan forest properties using artificial neural networks. In Forest Science 50(2): 259-276.
  • Dymond, C. et al., (2003) Investigating the environmental cause of global wilderness and species richness distributions In: Seventh World Wliderness Congress symposium: science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values edited by Watson, A.; Sproull, J. ;, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah, U.S.A
  • Dymond, C. et al., (2002) Investigating the environmental cause of global wilderness and species richness distribution. Proc. Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Seventh World Wilderness Congress symposium, November 2001, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-27 2003, 231-237.
  • Lennon, J.J., et al (2002) Are Alaskan trees found in locally more favourable sites in marginal areas? In Global Ecology and Biogeography. 11(2), 103-114.
  • Carver, S., et al (2002) Wilderness attribute mapping in the United Kingdom. in International Journal of Wilderness. 8(1), 24-29.
  • Carver, S., Woodward, J. & Mikkelsen, N. (2002) Long-term rates of mass wasting in Mesters Vig, Northeast Greenland: Notes on a re-survey. in Permafrost and Periglacial Processes. 13(3), 243-249.
  • Woodard, J., Carver, S., Kunzendorf, H. & Bennike, O. (2002) Observations of surge periodicity in East Greenland using molybdenum records from marine sediment cores. in J.A.Dowdswell and Ó.Cofaigh (eds) Glacier influenced sedimentation in high-latitude continental margins. Geological Society Special Publication 203, 367-373. The Geological Society, London.
  • Fritz, S. et al., (2000), A fuzzy modelling approach to wild land mapping in Scotland, in P.Atkinson and D.Martin (eds.) Innovations in GIS 7, Taylor & Francis, London. 219-230.
  • Fritz, S. & Carver, S. (2000) Modelling remoteness in roadless areas using GIS. Proceedings 4th International Conference and Workshop on Integrating Geographical Information Systems and Environmental Modelling. Banff, Canada, September 2000. CD-ROM and WWW.
  • Fritz et al., (2000) New approaches to wild land mapping in Europe. Proceedings of the Wilderness Science in a Time of Change Conference. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-2 (2000) Missoula, Montana.
  • Carver, S. & Fritz, S. (1999) Mapping remote areas using GIS. in M.Usher (ed) Landscape character: perspectives on management and change. Natural Heritage of Scotland Series, HMSO.
  • Carver, S. (1996) Mapping the wilderness continuum using raster GIS. in S.Morain & S.Lopez-Baros (eds) Raster imagery in Geographic Information Systems. OnWord Press, New Mexico, 283-288.
  • Sear, D. & Carver, S. (1996) Release and dispersal of Pb and Zn contaminated mining sediments in an Arctic braided river system. in Applied Geochemistry. 11, 187-195.
  • Carver, S., Heywood, I., Cornelius, S. & Sear, D. (1995) Evaluating field-based GIS for environmental modelling, characterisation and decision support. in International Journal of Geographical Information Systems. 9(4), 475-486.


Wilder Horizons – Journal of the Wildland Research Institute ISSN 2042-3837

October 2009: Volume 1, Issue 1
The current journal issue shown above can be downloaded here

Guidelines for Contributing to Wilder Horizons
Wilder Horizons is the quarterly journal published by the Wildland Research Institute, University of Leeds.
The journal invites contributions relevant to wildness and wildland in Britain and elsewhere, including issues about stewardship, education, research, policy, international perspectives, and inspirational articles. For any questions or submissions, please contact the Editor by email:

The WRi encourages free use of the information contained in the journal provided that the Institute is credited and contact details are given. Please also credit individual authors and papers.