Key outputs


WRi and its members regularly deliver papers and presentations at relevant conferences and workshops. The following is a selection of presentations made at recent events:

Example publications by WRi Staff

WRi and its members strive to publish the results of its research in appropriate academic journals. The following is a selection of relevant papers by institute members:

  • Fisher, M & Parfitt, A. (2016) The challenge of wild nature conserving itself. in ECOS 37(3/4), 27-34.
  • Carver, S. (2016) Rewilding… Conservation and conflict. in ECOS 37(2), 2-10.
  • Carver, S. (2016) Flood management and nature – can rewilding help? in ECOS 37(1), 33-42.
  • Deary, H., & Tin, T. (2015). Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties’ engagement in wilderness protection at home and in Antarctica. The Polar Journal, (ahead-of-print), 1-33.
  • Watson, A., Carver, S., Krenova, Z. & McBride, B. comps. (2015). Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Tenth World Wilderness Congress symposium; 2013, 4-10 October, Salamanca, Spain. Proceedings RMRS-P-74. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 208 p.
  • Ceaușu, S., Hofmann, M., Navarro, L. M., Carver, S., Verburg, P. H., & Pereira, H. M. (2015). Mapping opportunities and challenges for rewilding in Europe. Conservation Biology29(4):1017-1027.
  • Ceauşu, Silvia, Carver, S., Verburg, P. H., Kuechly, H. U., Hölker, F., Brotons, L., & Pereira, H. M. European wilderness in a time of farmland abandonment. in H. M. Pereira, L. M. Navarro (eds.) (2015) Rewilding European Landscapes. Springer International Publishing, Chapter 2. 25-46.
  • Carver, S. (2014) Making real space for nature: a continuum approach to UK conservation. ECOS 35(3/4) 4-14.
  • Tricker, J., P. Landres, G. Fauth, P. Hardwick, and A. Eddy. 2014. Mapping wilderness character in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/SEKI/NRTR—2014/872. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
  • Carver, S., Tricker, J., & Landres, P. (2013). Keeping it wild: Mapping wilderness character in the United States. Journal of Environmental Management, 131, 239-255.
  • Mc Morran, R. & Scott, A. (2012) ‘Re-claiming the land in the name of sustainable rural development’, Key benefits and impacts and impacts of community estate ownership in the Scottish Highlands and current constraints on sustainability – the participant perspective. In: Glass, J. (et al.,) (eds.), Lairds, Land and Sustainability, Edinburgh University Press (Book Chapter, Forthcoming).
  • Brown, C., Mc Morran, R. & Price, M.F. (2012) Re-wilding – A new paradigm for nature conservation in Scotland? Scottish Geographical Journal (In Press).
  • Tricker, James. (2012) Mapping Wilderness Character: New Tools for New Concepts. International Journal of Wilderness 18(1) 25, 40.
  • Carver SJ; Comber A; McMorran R; Nutter S (2012) A GIS model for mapping spatial patterns and distribution of wild land in Scotland, Landscape and Urban Planning, 104(3-4), 395-409 . doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.11.016
  • Howard DC; Wadsworth RA; Scholefield P; Burgess PJ; Carver SJ et al. (2012) Energyscapes: Linking the energy system and ecosystem services in real landscapes, Biomass and Bioenergy, . doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.05.025
  • Carver, S. (2012) (Re)Creating Wilderness: Rewilding And Habitat Restoration. in Peter Howard, Ian H. Thompson, Emma Waterton (eds) The Routledge Companion to Landscape Studies.
  • Heck N; Dearden P; McDonald A; Carver SJ (2011) Developing MPA performance indicators with local stakeholders’ input in the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Canada, Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 20, pp.895-911.
  • Alan E. Watson. 2011. The Role of Wilderness Protection and Societal Engagement as Indicators of Well-Being: An Examination of Change at the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Social Indicators Research, DOI 10.1007/s11205-011-9947-x
  • Watson, Alan; Matt, Roian; Knotek, Katie; Williams, Daniel R.; and Laurie Yung. 2011. Traditional Wisdom: Protecting Relationships with Wilderness as a Cultural Landscape. Ecology and Society 16(1):36
  • Pheasant, R.J., Fisher, M.N.,Watts, G.R., Whitaker, J.R. & Horoshenkov, K.V. (2010) The importance of auditory-visual interaction in the construction of tranquil space. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30: 501 – 509
  • Comber, A., et al., (2009) Evaluating alternative mappings of wildness using fuzzy MCE and Dempster-Shafer in support of decision making. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. 34 (2), 142-152.
  • Carver, S., et al (2009) Developing computer-based participatory approaches to mapping landscape values for landscape and resource management. In S.Geertman & J.Stillwell (eds) Best Practice and New Methods in Planning Support Systems. Springer. 431-448.
  • McMorran, R. (2009) In search of the wild; What is Scottish wild land, why does it matter and what are we doing to look after it? The Scottish Mountaineer, May 2009 p58-59.
  • Gabriel, D., et al (2009) The spatial aggregation of organic farming in England and its underlying environmental correlates. International Journal of Applied Ecology. 46(2), 323-333.
  • Blair, S., et al., (2009) Using GIS to identify wildland areas in the North Pennines. In N.Mount, G. Harvey, P.Alpin & G.Priestnall (eds) Representing, modelling and visualising the natural environment, Innovations in GIS series. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis. 87-100.
  • Mc Morran, R., Price, M.F. and Warren, C. (2008) The call of different wilds: The importance of definition and perception in protecting and managing Scottish wild landscapes. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 51(2), 177-199.
  • Carver, S. (2008) Native behaviour: the human and land-use implications of returning key species to Scotland. In ECOS 29(3/4), 2-8.
  • Mc Morran, R. (2007) Scottish wild landscapes: Wild nature or wild experience? The Munro Society Journal 1, 26-30.
  • Carver, S. (2007) Bringing wilderness into the classroom. In ECOS 28(1), 90-93.
  • Carver, S. & Wrightham, M, (2007) Shrinking Wild Lands: Assessing Human Intrusion in the Highlands of Scotland, 1870 to 2004, Using Geographical Information Systems. In A.Watson, J.Sproull & L.Dean, eds (2007) Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30–October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 357-366.
  • Carver, S. (2007) Rewilding in England and Wales: A Review of Recent Developments, Issues, and Concerns. In A.Watson, J.Sproull & L.Dean, eds (2007) Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30–October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 267-272.
  • Ward, V., et al (2006) Re-wilding projects in the UK – the database. In ECOS 27(3/4), 5-7.
  • Carver, S. (2006) Connectivity of nature in the Dutch landscape. In ECOS 27(3/4), 61-64.
  • Carver, S. & Samsom, p. (2005) “Eee, it’s wild oop north” In ECOS Special wild land issue. 25(3/4), 29-33.
  • Carver, S. (2005) Mountains and wilderness: identifying areas for restoration. In D.B.A.Thompson, M.F.Price & C.A.Galbraith (eds) Nature and People: Conservation and Management in the Mountains of Northern Europe. SNH. 365-370.
  • Corne, S., et al (2004) Predicting Alaskan forest properties using artificial neural networks. In Forest Science 50(2): 259-276.
  • Dymond, C. et al., (2003) Investigating the environmental cause of global wilderness and species richness distributions In: Seventh World Wliderness Congress symposium: science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values edited by Watson, A.; Sproull, J. ;, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah, U.S.A
  • Dymond, C. et al., (2002) Investigating the environmental cause of global wilderness and species richness distribution. Proc. Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Seventh World Wilderness Congress symposium, November 2001, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-27 2003, 231-237.
  • Lennon, J.J., et al (2002) Are Alaskan trees found in locally more favourable sites in marginal areas? In Global Ecology and Biogeography. 11(2), 103-114.
  • Carver, S., et al (2002) Wilderness attribute mapping in the United Kingdom. in International Journal of Wilderness. 8(1), 24-29.
  • Carver, S., Woodward, J. & Mikkelsen, N. (2002) Long-term rates of mass wasting in Mesters Vig, Northeast Greenland: Notes on a re-survey. in Permafrost and Periglacial Processes. 13(3), 243-249.
  • Woodard, J., Carver, S., Kunzendorf, H. & Bennike, O. (2002) Observations of surge periodicity in East Greenland using molybdenum records from marine sediment cores. in J.A.Dowdswell and Ó.Cofaigh (eds) Glacier influenced sedimentation in high-latitude continental margins. Geological Society Special Publication 203, 367-373. The Geological Society, London.
  • Fritz, S. et al., (2000), A fuzzy modelling approach to wild land mapping in Scotland, in P.Atkinson and D.Martin (eds.) Innovations in GIS 7, Taylor & Francis, London. 219-230.
  • Fritz, S. & Carver, S. (2000) Modelling remoteness in roadless areas using GIS. Proceedings 4th International Conference and Workshop on Integrating Geographical Information Systems and Environmental Modelling. Banff, Canada, September 2000. CD-ROM and WWW.
  • Fritz et al., (2000) New approaches to wild land mapping in Europe. Proceedings of the Wilderness Science in a Time of Change Conference. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-2 (2000) Missoula, Montana.
  • Carver, S. & Fritz, S. (1999) Mapping remote areas using GIS. in M.Usher (ed) Landscape character: perspectives on management and change. Natural Heritage of Scotland Series, HMSO.
  • Carver, S. (1996) Mapping the wilderness continuum using raster GIS. in S.Morain & S.Lopez-Baros (eds) Raster imagery in Geographic Information Systems. OnWord Press, New Mexico, 283-288.
  • Sear, D. & Carver, S. (1996) Release and dispersal of Pb and Zn contaminated mining sediments in an Arctic braided river system. in Applied Geochemistry. 11, 187-195.
  • Carver, S., Heywood, I., Cornelius, S. & Sear, D. (1995) Evaluating field-based GIS for environmental modelling, characterisation and decision support. in International Journal of Geographical Information Systems. 9(4), 475-486.

The WRi encourages free use of the information contained in the journal provided that the Institute is credited and contact details are given. Please also credit individual authors and papers.